Relationship between energy deficits and body composition in elite female gymnasts and runners

Authors:DEUTZ, R. C., BENARDOT, D., MARTIN, D. E. and CODY, M. M.
"These data suggest that within-day energy deficits (measured by frequency and/or magnitude of deficit) are associated with higher body fat percentage in both anaerobic and aerobic elite athletes, possibly from an adaptive reduction in the REE. These data should discourage athletes from following restrained or delayed eating patterns to achieve a desired body composition."