Does dieting make you fat? A twin study

"Our results suggest that frequent IWLs [intentional weight loss] reflect susceptibility to weight gain, rendering dieters prone to future weight gain. The results from the MZ [monozygotic] pairs discordant for IWLs suggest that dieting itself may induce a small subsequent weight gain, independent of genetic factors.
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The Obesity Paradox and Weight Loss

"Weight loss was related to higher mortality and weight gain was related to lower mortality when compared with stable weight. The obesity paradox in our sample is explained in part by a combination of non-volitional weight loss related to occult disease and a protective effect of weight gain."
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Dietary poorly absorbed, short-chain carbohydrates increase delivery of water and fermentable substrates to the proximal colon

TW. Fermentable, Oligo-, Di-, Mono-saccharides and Polyols (FODMAP) are short-chain carbohydrates that can lead to functional gut symptoms. This study was conducted on patients with ileostomies and therefore not necessarily applicable to healthy controls. study is conducted on those who have had ileostomies,.
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Eating behaviour and eating disorders in students of nutrition sciences.

 

Authors: Korinth, A., Schiess, S., Westenhoefer, J.
"Nutrition students, more than other students, tend to restrict their food intake in order to control their weight" This study does suggest that nutrition students become less restrictive as they advance in their studies. However there is researcher bias in the discussion of "healthy" vs. "unhealthy" foods and that nutrition students make 'healthier' food choices.